Overview of Trade Adjustment Assistance, Training Policy in Brief
This section of the Training Policy in Brief provides an overview and policy recommendations for Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA).
The Trade Adjustment Assistance (TAA) program was created in 1962 to assist workers in the manufacturing sector who lost their jobs as a result of foreign trade. TAA provides training assistance, re-employment services and income support to these laid-off workers.
The program has been reauthorized three times since 2009, first by the Trade and Globalization Adjustment Assistance Act (TGAAA) of 2009, and then by the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act (TAAEA) in 2011. Authorization for TAAEA expired in December 2013, triggering a one-year reversion to the 2002 provisions of the law. In 2015, Congress passed the Trade Adjustment Assistance Reauthorization Act (TAARA) of 2015, reauthorizing TAA through June 30, 2021.
While TAARA is very similar to the earlier TAAEA, Congress changed the law to be consistent with the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, including replacing the core indicators of performance established by TAAEA with primary indicators of performance that are consistent with WIOA. TAARA also adds new data collection and reporting requirements, requiring reporting on the average cost of workers receiving training and the percentage of workers who receive training, including unsubsidized training-related employment.
This page contains overview materials and the latest news on TAA, as well as analysis developed by National Skills Coalition.